A migraine headache is characterized by excessive throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, commonly on one side of the head.  Extreme sensitivity to both gentle and loud sounds, nausea, and vomiting are common side effects. The pain from a migraine attack can be so intense as to keep you from going about your everyday commercial enterprise for hours or even days.

What causes migraines?

Researchers believe that migraine has a genetic cause. There are many other things that can trigger a migraine. These factors range from person to person, and they include:

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Bright or flashing lighting
  • Loud noises
  • Strong smells
  • Medicines
  • Too much or not enough sleep
  • Sudden adjustments in climate or environment
  • Overexertion (an excessive amount of physical activity)
  • Caffeine or caffeine withdrawal
  • Skipped food
  • Medication overuse (taking medication for migraines too frequently)

Some people have discovered that certain foods or elements can cause migraines, particularly when mixed with different triggers. These ingredients and substances include:

  • Chocolate
  • Aged cheeses
  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
  • Some fruits and nuts
  • Fermented or pickled items
  • Yeast
  • Processed meats

Talk to a psychiatrist if you find any of the symptoms bothering your daily routine.

Symptoms of migraines

The following are possible symptoms of migraines:

  • Intense throbbing or dull aching pain on one  side of your head or  both sides
  • Pain that worsens with physical activity
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Changes in the way you see a blurred vision and prescient or blind spots
  • Being troubled by mild, noise, or odors
  • Feeling worn out and confused
  • Stuffy nose
  • Feeling cold or sweaty
  • Stiff or tender neck
  • Lightheadedness
  • Tender scalp

What are the types of migraines?

There are numerous sorts of migraines, and each type may have distinct names:

Migraine with aura (complex migraine):

Around 15% to 20% of humans with migraine complications suffer from an aura.

Migraine without aura (common migraine):

This sort of migraine headache hits you without any symptoms of the warning an aura may give you. The symptoms are the same, but that phase doesn’t happen.

Migraine without headache:

Silent migraine or acephalgic migraine, as this kind is likewise referred to, includes the aura symptom. However, it does not end up in a headache.

Hemiplegic migraine:

You’ll have transient paralysis (hemiplegia) or neurological or sensory changes on one side of your body. The onset of the headache can be related to transient numbness, extreme weakness on one side of your body, a tingling sensation, a loss of sensation, dizziness, or vision changes. Sometimes it includes head pain, and sometimes it doesn’t.

Retinal migraine (ocular migraine):

You may additionally note the transient, partial, or whole loss of vision in one or all of your eyes, together with a dull pain behind the eyes that may spread to the rest of your head. That vision loss might also last a minute or as long as months. You have to consult your doctor about a retinal migraine, as it can be a sign of serious trouble.

Chronic migraine:

A continual migraine occurs when a migraine takes place for at least 15 days per month. The signs and symptoms might also alternate often, as can the severity of the pain. Those who get chronic migraines probably use headache medications more than 10 to 15 days a month, which, unfortunately, can result in headaches that show up even more regularly.

Migraine with brainstem aura:

With this migraine, you’ll have vertigo, slurred speech, double vision, or loss of balance, which arise before the headache. The headache may affect the back of your head. These signs and symptoms typically arise all at once and can be associated with the inability to speak properly, ringing in the ears, and vomiting.

Status migrainous:

This is a rare and intense type of migraine that can last longer than 72 hours. The headaches, pains, and nausea can be extremely awful. Certain medicines, or medicinal drug withdrawal, can cause you to have this sort of migraine.

Migraine diagnosis

Your health practitioner will ask about your medical history and your symptoms. It may help if you keep a diary of your symptoms and any triggers you’ve noticed. Write down:

  • What signs you’ve got, consisting of wherein it hurts
  • How regularly do you have them
  • How long do they last
  • Other family members who have migraine
  • All the medicines and supplements you take, even over-the-counter ones
  • Other medicines you remember taking in the past

Your medical doctor may additionally order tests to rule out other  issues that  may cause your signs and symptoms, which include:

  • Blood tests
  • Imaging tests like MRI or CT scans
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)

What remedies are there for migraines?

There are two primary techniques for migraine remedies: acute and preventive. During acute treatment, patients use it at some point during an attack to alleviate pain and prevent the migraine from progressing. Preventive treatments, then again, aim to reduce the frequency, severity, and length of attacks.

Acute remedies are taken while you are experiencing an attack and are used to prevent it before it gets worse. These include over-the-counter pain relievers, prescribed drugs, or devices that prevent the ache.

Preventive remedies are designed to lessen the frequency, severity, and length of attacks of migraine before they start.

These treatment options can be clinical, which includes medical, such as medications or procedures, or non-scientific, inclusive of gadgets, lifestyle changes, trigger avoidance, behavioral therapy, or physiotherapy.


Migraine complications may be devastating and make it impossible to go to work, school, or perform other daily activities. Fortunately, there are some approaches to possibly saving you from a migraine and different methods to help you manage the signs and symptoms. Work together with your psychaitrist to keep migraines from ruling your life.


1. What is the main cause of migraine?

The particular reason for migraines is unknown; however, they may arise from unusual brain activity affecting nerve indicators, chemicals, and blood vessels.

2. What are the most common types of migraines?

The most common are migraines with aura (also known as classic migraines) and migraines without aura (or common migraines). Other kinds encompass menstrual migraine. This is when the headache is related to the duration.

3. Is migraine a brain problem?

A migraine headache results from unusual brain activity. This activity can be triggered by many things. But the exact cause of the problem remains uncertain. Most healthcare providers consider that the attack starts in the brain and involves nerve pathways and chemical compounds.

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