In the sweltering heat of summer, nothing gives greater comfort than a well-functioning split AC. 

Among the different kinds of air conditioners available, split AC have achieved tremendous popularity owing to their effective cooling and aesthetic appeal. 

In this detailed article, we will discuss all you need to know about split air conditioner, from their working concept to the advantages they provide.

How Does A Split AC Work?

  • The Evaporator Unit

The evaporator unit of a split AC is located inside and is responsible for cooling the room. 

It comprises a coil that houses the refrigerant and a fan that circulates the cool air around the room. 

When the AC is switched on, the evaporator coil absorbs heat from the inside air, changing the refrigerant from a liquid state to a gas. 

This cold air is then blasted into the room, giving a pleasant ambience.

  • The Condenser Unit

The condenser unit, positioned outside the structure, plays a significant part in the air conditioning process. 

It includes another coil through which the refrigerant, now in its gaseous condition, flows. 

The condenser coil releases the heat received from the inside air into the outer environment. As the refrigerant loses heat, it condenses back into a liquid state.

split AC
  • Refrigerant Flow Cycle

The refrigerant in a split AC goes through a continual cycle of evaporation and condensation. 

When the AC is activated, the refrigerant is circulated between the indoor evaporator unit and the outside condenser unit via copper tubing. 

This cycle procedure enables effective cooling and the constant circulation of cool air within the space.

Advantages Of Split Air Conditioner

  • Energy Efficiency And Cost Savings

Split air conditioners are noted for their energy efficiency. With an inverter technology option, they may alter the compressor’s speed dependent on the cooling needs, conserving energy and decreasing power expenses dramatically.

  • Zone Cooling And Individual Control

One of the key benefits of split AC is the ability to set different temperatures for various zones or rooms. This function offers tailored comfort for all passengers.

  • Improved Indoor Air Quality

Split ACs are fitted with air purifiers that filter out dust, allergens, and pollutants, leading to improved indoor air quality and a healthier living environment.

  • Quiet Operation

The interior unit of a split AC functions softly, producing a tranquil ambiance without interrupting your everyday activities or sleep.

  • Aesthetics & Space-saving Design

Unlike window ACs, split air conditioners are sleek and visually beautiful. They don’t need a wide window area for installation, making them perfect for contemporary living spaces.


Split air conditioners have altered the way we feel comfort during hot summer days. Their modern technology, energy efficiency, and aesthetic appeal make them a popular option for both residential and business areas. 

By learning how split AC operates, their advantages, and correct maintenance, you can enjoy a pleasant and comfortable atmosphere while keeping your energy expenditures in control.

split AC

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: Can I install a split AC on my own?

A: While it’s feasible, it is suggested to employ a professional for a safe and proper installation.

Q: How frequently should I clean the filters of my split AC?

A: It’s ideal to clean the filters every two weeks for maximum performance.

Q: Do split AC assist dehumidify the air?

A: Yes, split AC assists lower humidity levels, adding to a more pleasant interior atmosphere.

Q: Are split AC ecologically friendly?

A: Yes, many split AC employ eco-friendly refrigerants, lessening their influence on the environment.

Q: Can a split AC be used for both cooling and heating?

A: Yes, certain split AC units come with a reverse cycle functionality that enables them to deliver both cooling and heating features.

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